Although dandruff is rarely a serious scalp condition, but the flakes on your hair causes embarrassment. Fortunately, dandruff can be easily controlled with the help of the right treatment. While most cases of mild to moderate dandruff respond to home remedies, medicines are frequently needed to treat stubborn cases of dandruff. For hard-to-treat dandruff, medicated shampoos help in keeping the scalp and hair dandruff-free for a long time.
Here Are 5 Best Medicines For Controlling Dandruff
Head & Shoulders Damage Rescue Pyrithione Zinc Shampoo
Zinc pyrithione is a key ingredient in popular anti-dandruff shampoo brands such as Head & Shoulders. It works as an antifungal as well as antibacterial agent. Washing the scalp with shampoo containing zinc pyrithione helps in suppressing growth of fungi, which tend to irritate the scalp, thereby triggering excess shedding of the scalp skin.
Nizoral (Ketoconazole 2%)
Ketoconazole is an anti-fungal medicine that is usually used for treating dandruff that does not respond to the zinc pyrithione or other milder anti-dandruff shampoos. Ketoconazole 2% shampoos available under the brand names Nizoral and Ketomac also help in providing relief from itching and flaking.
Neutrogena T/Sal (Salicylic Acid 3%)
When excess accumulation of dead skin on the scalp causes dandruff, washing the scalp with shampoo such as Neutrogena T-Sal that contains salicylic acid helps in sloughing off the dead skin from the scalp. However, there is a downside of using salicylic acid for dandruff treatment. It tends to increase scalp dryness. Hence, a conditioner should be applied immediately after using salicylic acid based shampoo.
Therapeutic Denorex Maximum Itch Dandruff Shampoo
Washing the scalp with coal tar based shampoo such as Denorex helps in slowing down rapid turnover the scalp skin cells. Hence, it reduces shedding of the dead skin cells, which provides relief from flaking. Moreover, coal tar shampoo helps in preventing bacterial growth on the scalp. However, shampoos containing coal tar is not suitable for everyone. Avoid coal tar if you are suffering from lupus or a condition that increases sensitivity to sunlight.
Selsun Blue contains selenium sulfide that works by slowing down turnover of scalp skin cells and by inhibiting growth of the malassezia yeasts on the scalp. It also helps in reducing redness, irritation and itching of the scalp associated with dandruff. However, selenium sulfide tends to discolor gray and blond hair. Hence, to prevent hair discoloration, it should not be left on the hair for more than 2 to 3 minutes.